About Jaap Hoeksma

Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, is the author of "The European Union: A democratic Union of democratic States". His idea on Democratic Citizenship Education for the Conference on the Future of Europe can be endorsed here.
6 09, 2021

Democratic Citizenship Education in the Light of the Lisbon Treaty

By |2021-09-06T13:58:07+00:00September 6th, 2021|Categories: Brexit, Citizens’ rights, EU Policies & Institutions, Future of Europe, Views from the Federal Trust|Tags: , , , , , |

The Treaty of Lisbon sheds fresh light on the purposes of EU citizenship education. The hallmark of the 2007 Lisbon Treaty is that it construes the EU as a dual democracy. The EU is not merely a Union of democratic States, but also functions as a democracy of its own.[1] [...]

24 06, 2021

The Identity of the EU

By |2021-06-24T12:14:31+00:00June 24th, 2021|Categories: Europe, Future of Europe|Tags: , , , , , |

From Unidentified Political Object to European Democracy Thirty years after the foundation of the European Union by virtue of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty the nature of the Union has been established at last. At the time of its creation as successor of the European Communities the EU used to be [...]

4 05, 2021

Building Bridges in times of Divergence

By |2021-05-04T15:10:19+00:00May 4th, 2021|Categories: Brexit, EU Policies & Institutions, Europe, Future of Europe|Tags: , , , , , , |

Within ten days after the finalisation of the UK withdrawal from the EU, the European Union is to start an ambitious Conference on the Future of Europe. The aim of the Conference is to discuss the place of the citizens in the construction of the Union and to underpin European [...]

26 02, 2021

The European Union: From organisation ‘sui generis’ to democratic regional organisation

By |2021-02-26T12:08:00+00:00February 26th, 2021|Categories: EU Policies & Institutions, Europe, Future of Europe, Views from the Federal Trust|Tags: , , , , |

The author wishes to dedicate the present essay to the memory of the ever inspiring Michael Burgess, in live Founder and Director of the Centre for Federal Studies at the University of Kent.   For decades, it has been common practice in academic circles to refer to the EU as [...]

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